The anger of the Lord burned against Israel.
God’s anger incited David against Israel…he decided to number (count) Israel.
Joab and the military commanders knew it was wrong.
David stood fast.
The military went forth to number (some translations say “muster&rdquo the people.
The account continues…
2 Sa 24:5-9
They crossed the Jordan and camped in Aroer,
on the right side of the city that is in the middle of the valley of Gad and toward Jazer.
Then they came to Gilead and to the land of Tahtim-hodshi,
and they came to Dan-jaan and around to Sidon,
and came to the fortress of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and of the Canaanites,
and they went out to the south of Judah, to Beersheba.
So when they had gone about through the whole land,
they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.
And Joab gave the number of the registration of the people to the king;
and there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men who drew the sword,
and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.
This was a time-consuming, meticulously planned event.
It took 9 month and 20 days… 290 days.
Are the number of days significant?
I believe all that the Lord has given us in His Word is significant.
Do I know what the significance is?
Not at the moment…
We see the staging areas.
They went forth and counted the men.
There were 800,000 valiant men who drew the sword in Israel.
There were 500,000 in Judah.
Interesting in that Israel consisted of ten tribes while Judah consisted of two…
King David received the information.
We will see tomorrow.
As we have previously preemptively stated, it is not good…
…to be continued..
Now, for the list of the balance of “The 30”
Don’t just skim.
Take a moment and read the names aloud.
It is not so important to pronounce correctly.
It is important to take time to allow the Spirit to speak to us.
2 Sa 23:24-39
Asahel the brother of Joab was among the thirty;
Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
Heleb the son of Baanah the Netophathite,
Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the sons of Benjamin,
Benaiah a Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,
Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,
Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maacathite,
Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
Hezro the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armor bearers of Joab the son of Zeruiah,
Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
Uriah the Hittite; thirty-seven in all.
We see individuals.
We see people groups.
We see roles/functions.
Yes, these are important.
Likely more important for Israel, but important none the less.
It is beyond the scope of this format, but much is to be learned/gleaned from following the names of people in the Word.
The next several verses give us insight into the Mighty Men…detail about some, names of all.
2 Sa 23:20-23
Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel,
who had done mighty deeds, killed the two sons of Ariel of Moab.
He also went down and killed a lion in the middle of a pit on a snowy day.
He killed an Egyptian, an impressive man.
Now the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but he went down to him with a club and snatched the spear from the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear.
These things Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did,
and had a name as well as the three mighty men.
He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three.
And David appointed him over his guard.
Mighty men do mighty deeds.
They kill the enemy.
They kill animal threats.
They do not back down even when “out-weaponed”.
They do deeds of honor.
Benaiah was such a man, though he did not attain to the three.
Mighty none the less.
David appointed him over his guard…protector.
We, as True Believers, are empowered to do mighty deeds.
We are Mighty Men in the Spirit.
Live as such.
“Abishai: Commander of the 30”
The next two verses give us some additional insight into the “Mighty Men”.
There were 30 Mighty Men.
There were 3 “mightier” then the 30.
Were they part of the 30 or were they in addition?
Uncertain at the moment…
The 30 had a leader…
2 Sa 23:18-19
Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty.
And he swung his spear against three hundred and killed them,
and had a name as well as the three.
He was most honored of the thirty, therefore he became their commander;
however, he did not attain to the three.
Abishai…you remember him from previous Scripture…was the chief of the the 30.
He killed 300 at one time, apparently alone.
He “had a name as well as the three”…but he did not attain to the three.
He was the most honored of the 30.
He was the commander of the 30.
Yet, he did not attain to the three.
Sounds like “the three” are outside the 30.
More to come…
2 Samuel 23 gives us insight into the Mighty Men of David.
These verses “flash-back” to an earlier time.
2 Sa 23:13-17
Then three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam, while the troop of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim.
David was then in the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
David had a craving and said, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem which is by the gate!”
So the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water from the well of Bethlehem which was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David.
Nevertheless he would not drink it, but poured it out to the LORD;
and he said, “Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this.
Shall I drink the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives?”
Therefore he would not drink it.
These things the three mighty men did.
David was at the cave in Adullam…fleeing from the King…Saul…his father-in-law.
The Philistines were in the Vally of Rephaim…Giants.
This is important…David had a craving.
Ever had a craving?
They will often get us in trouble.
Craving…food, material things, power, passion, etc. etc.
David was craving a drink of cool water from the well of Bethlehem.
He vocalized his craving.
What did the three might men do?
They went and fetched the water.
They broke through the camp of the Philistines.
They drew the water.
They took the water.
They brought the water to David.
What did David do?
He did not drink it.
He poured it out to the Lord.
He did not want to “drink the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives” to get the water.
David offered it unto the Lord…I think as a sin offering.
David realized that his selfish craving could have cost them their lives.
He realized that he needed to be careful in what he spoke.
These were they type of things the Mighty Men did.
The Lord has empowered every true believer to be a “Mighty Man” in the Spirit.
Are we living as such?
The balance of 2 Samuel 23 yet to be examined is often “skipped over”, likely due to the listing of names strange to our ears.
This is unfortunate.
There is much to be gleaned here.
Much that I have yet to see.
I’ve been “work’n on” this subject for a number of years…still in beginning stages.
Read the passage…there is more to come.
Look for “Mighty Men”.
That is the subject that has arrested my attention for years.
Look at what individual men did.
Look at why.
Note the situation.
2 Sa 23:8-12
These are the names of the mighty men whom David had:
Josheb-basshebeth a Tahchemonite, chief of the captains, he was called Adino the Eznite, because of eight hundred slain by him at one time;
and after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite,
one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there to battle and the men of Israel had withdrawn.
He arose and struck the Philistines until his hand was weary and clung to the sword,
and the LORD brought about a great victory that day;
and the people returned after him only to strip the slain.
Now after him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite.
And the Philistines were gathered into a troop where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the people fled from the Philistines.
But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, defended it and struck the Philistines;
and the LORD brought about a great victory.
Josheb-basshebeth/Adino - chief of captains, killed 800 at one time by himself.
Eleazar, one of the three mighty men…there were three above the thirty…he killed/defeated Philistines…after the other men of Israel had withdrawn.
Shammah, defended a plot of lentils and struck down the Philistines.
Note the repeated phrase “the Lord brought about a great victory”.
It is the Lord that was victorious through them.
It is the Lord that is victorious through us.
May we be as Adino, Eleasar and Shammah.
“An Everlasting Covenant”
The last words of David continue to declare the wonder and glory of God…
2 Sa 23:5-7
“Truly is not my house so with God?
For He has made an everlasting covenant with me,
Ordered in all things, and secured;
For all my salvation and all my desire,
Will He not indeed make it grow?
“But the worthless, every one of them will be thrust away like thorns,
Because they cannot be taken in hand;
But the man who touches them
Must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear,
And they will be completely burned with fire in their place.”
God had granted David his “house”.
The Lord had made an everlasting covenant with him.
Ordered in all things.
For David’s salvation.
For David’s desires.
The Lord will cause it to grow.
We as believers have the same in the Lord.
The new covenant of salvation is an everlasting covenant.
It is ordered in the Lord.
It is secure to true believers.
It is for our salvation and desires. The Lord will cause it to grow.
They will be thrust away like thorns.
Everyone of them.
They must be handled properly, so that harm will not come.
Yet, they will be completely burned with fire in their place.
The Lord will deal with the wicked.
He did so for David.
He will do so for us.
“He Who Rules...”
We begin to look at the last words of David…
2 Sa 23:2-4
“The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me,
And His word was on my tongue.
“The God of Israel said,
The Rock of Israel spoke to me,
‘He who rules over men righteously,
Who rules in the fear of God,
Is as the light of the morning when the sun rises,
A morning without clouds,
When the tender grass springs out of the earth,
Through sunshine after rain.’
David declares that the Spirit of the Lord had spoke by him…through him.
The Lord’s Word was upon David’s tongue.
The God of Israel…
The Rock of Israel spoke to David.
The Lord spoke of ruling righteously over men and ruling in the fear of God.
Such a ruler is…
- as the light of the morning when the sun rises
- as a morning without clouds
- as when the tender grass springs out of the earth
- as sunshine after the rain
The Spirit of the Lord revealed to David how he was to reign.
The Spirit of the Lord reveals to us how we are to live.
Are we doing so?
Are we shining as light in the darkness?
Are we the salt of the earth?
Begin with yourself.
Rule yourself righteously.
Rule yourself in the fear of God.
“Last Words of David”
The next verse in the account of David’s life in 2 Samuel is interesting.
It describes David.
It also has a timing element.
2 Sa 23:1
Now these are the last words of David.
David the son of Jesse declares,
The man who was raised on high declares,
The anointed of the God of Jacob,
And the sweet psalmist of Israel,
What we will be reading are the last words of David.
David, the son of Jesse.
David was the man who was raised on high.
David was anointed of God.
David, the sweet psalmist of Israel.
How would you be described when your last days arrive?
“Tower of Deliverance”
David continues his song of praise to the Lord and closes with these thoughts…
2 Sa 22:50-51
“Therefore I will give thanks to You, O LORD, among the nations,
And I will sing praises to Your name.
“He is a tower of deliverance to His king,
And shows lovingkindness to His anointed,
To David and his descendants forever.”
In light of all that David had recounted and declared..
Therefore, he gave thanks to the Lord.
He did so among the nations.
He sang praises to His name.
Do you believe the truths that David declared of the Lord?
The Lord is a Tower of Deliverance.
The Lord shows lovingkindness to His anointed.
The Lord did so to David and his descendants forever.
The Lord does so for those who believe today…Jew/Gentile, free/slave, male/female, etc.
“God of the Rock”
David continues to praise the Lord in song.
Note carefully all that is revealed in the verses that the Lord did for David.
2 Sa 22:47-49
“The LORD lives, and blessed be my rock;
And exalted be God, the rock of my salvation,
The God who executes vengeance for me,
And brings down peoples under me,
Who also brings me out from my enemies;
You even lift me above those who rise up against me;
You rescue me from the violent man.
David declares that the Lord lives.
He is not just “some fantasy god”.
He is real.
He is alive.
David blesses the Lord.
He declares that the Lord is his Rock, the Rock of his salvation.
David exalts the Lord.
- the God who executes vengeance for David…and us
- the God who brings down people under David
- the God who delivers from enemies
- the God who lifts us up above those who rise against us
- the God who rescue from the violent
The Lord did all this for David.
The Lord was his Rock.
He will do the same for those who believe, who call upon Him, who are truly saved.
Have you believed…truly?
If so, rejoice, He will do battle for you.
He is our Rock.
“The Contentions of My People”
David continues his song of thanks and praise to the Lord.
The Lord had delivered David from his enemies.
The Lord also delivered David from another group…
2 Sa 22:44-46
“You have also delivered me from the contentions of my people;
You have kept me as head of the nations;
A people whom I have not known serve me.
“Foreigners pretend obedience to me;
As soon as they hear, they obey me.
“Foreigners lose heart,
And come trembling out of their fortresses.
The Lord delivered David from the contentions of his own people.
“Contentions” refers to strife, quarrels, disputes, controversies and the like.
The Lord was the one who kept David is the position of leadership - leader over the nation.
David acknowledges that there are people not known to him who now serve him.
People who were not “his” people.
They “pretend obedience” to David.
When David speaks, they jump to obedience.
Foreigners lose heart at the sight of David and his people.
They come out of their fortresses trembling.
They surrender and submit to David.
All by the hand of the Lord.
All by the power of the Lord.
All by the might of the Lord.
The Lord does it all.
David knew this.
This is the source of his song of praise.
Do we know?
Do we rejoice likewise?
“Victory Over the Enemy”
David continues to praise the Lord, especially related to the Lord giving him victory over his enemies…
2 Sa 22:40-42
“For You have girded me with strength for battle;
You have subdued under me those who rose up against me.
“You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me,
And I destroyed those who hated me.
“They looked, but there was none to save;
Even to the LORD, but He did not answer them.
“Then I pulverized them as the dust of the earth;
I crushed and stamped them as the mire of the streets.
Look at what the Lord did for David…and what He will do for us…
Strengthen us for battle.
Subdue those who rise against us.
Cause the enemy to flee.
Confuse the enemy.
Refuse to listen to the enemy…even when they call upon the Him.
David was victorious.
He destroyed the enemy.
He pulverized the enemy.
He crushed and stamped them as the muck and mire of the street.
We are victorious.
We are victorious in the Lord.
Allow Him to do what He desires.
It will be for our good.
“Protection and Victory Over the Enemy”
We saw a great statement from David yesterday.
The Lord is the one who trains our hand/fingers for battle.
Continue to think on that…
We press on in David’s song unto the Lord…
2 Sa 22:36-39
“You have also given me the shield of Your salvation,
And Your help makes me great.
“You enlarge my steps under me,
And my feet have not slipped.
“I pursued my enemies and destroyed them,
And I did not turn back until they were consumed.
“And I have devoured them and shattered them, so that they did not rise;
And they fell under my feet.
The Lord protects us…he has given us the shield of His salvation.
The Lord exalts us…by His help.
The Lord enlarges our steps under us…He keeps our steps steady.
The Lord empowers us to…
- pursue enemies
- destroy enemies
- consume enemies
- devour enemies
- shatter enemies
All if we rest and trust in Him rather than in ourself and our ability.
So, in what/who do you trust?
What is your source of strength?
What is your protection?
Anything other than the Lord will fail and is reflective of a lack of faith.
“The Lord Trains My Hands”
David continues to praise the Lord.
Read what the Lord had done for David…and what He will do for us…
2 Sa 22:34-35
“He makes my feet like hinds’ feet,
And sets me on my high places.
“He trains my hands for battle,
So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
The Lord makes us leap about as a playful deer.
The Lord sets us/exalts us on high places.
The Lord trains our hands for battle.
The Lord strengthens us.
The Lord equips us for battle.
The Lord mentions training our hands for battle in a couple of other places in the Word.
Here is one…
A Psalm of David
Blessed be the LORD, my rock,
Who trains my hands for war,
And my fingers for battle;
Every true believer is trained and equipped by the Lord.
He trains our hands for war, our fingers for battle, if we allow.
We are in a battle.
We are not alone.
The Lord is our strength and our portion forever.
Turn to Him.
Rest in Him.
Let Him train you.
“The Lord Is Our Fortress”
Hear the truth that David is proclaiming through this song of praise unto the Lord.
2 Sa 22:32-33
“For who is God, besides the LORD?
And who is a rock, besides our God?
“God is my strong fortress;
And He sets the blameless in His way.
Rejoice in these simple, life-changing truths.
God is God.
The Lord is God.
The Lord is the only True Rock.
The Lord God is our strong fortress…nothing else.
The Lord sets the blameless in His way.
Why live in the flesh?
Live blameless in the strength and power of the Lord!
“You Are My Lamp”
We continue through the song of praise David lifted unto the Lord.
The question for us today is this…
“Who is the Lord to you?”
2 Sa 22:29-31
“For You are my lamp, O LORD;
And the LORD illumines my darkness.
“For by You I can run upon a troop;
By my God I can leap over a wall.
“As for God, His way is blameless;
The word of the LORD is tested;
He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
David declared that the Lord was…
- His lamp, illuminating the darkness
- His strength, whereby he was victorious of a troop of enemies…literally “run through”, he could leap over a wall
David declared that the way of the Lord is blameless.
The Word of the Lord is tested.
The Lord is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
Who lights your path?
From where is your strength derived?
Whose word guides you?
Who is your shield?
Who is your refuge?
Sadly, for most…even professing “christians”…it is something else other than the Lord.
Such should not be.
The Lord had recompensed David according to his righteousness.
David continues the thought…
2 Sa 22:26-28
“With the kind You show Yourself kind,
With the blameless You show Yourself blameless;
With the pure You show Yourself pure,
And with the perverted You show Yourself astute.
“And You save an afflicted people;
But Your eyes are on the haughty whom You abase.
The Lord is kind to the kind.
The Lord will be blameless before those who are blameless.
The Lord will be pure with the pure.
The Lord knows how to deal with the perverted.
The Lord saves an afflicted people.
All this is juxtaposed to the haughty.
The eyes of the Lord are upon the haughty…
- those exalted in their own eyes
- those that view themselves above others
The Lord abases the haughty.
David had not been haughty.
Far from it.
But David sought the heart of the Lord and the Lord delivered him.
David therefore sang this song of praise to the Most High.
Rejoice in this.
The Lord will do the same for us.
Be not haughty.
The Lord had rewarded David according to his righteousness.
The following verses provide more insight…
2 Sa 22:21-25
“The LORD has rewarded me according to my righteousness;
According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me.
“For I have kept the ways of the LORD,
And have not acted wickedly against my God.
“For all His ordinances were before me,
And as for His statutes, I did not depart from them.
“I was also blameless toward Him,
And I kept myself from my iniquity.
“Therefore the LORD has recompensed me according to my righteousness,
According to my cleanness before His eyes.
David had kept the ways of the Lord.
David had not acted wickedly against his God.
David kept God’s ordinances before him.
David did not depart from the statutes of the Lord.
David was blameless toward the Lord.
David kept himself from iniquity.
Because of all this, the Lord recompensed David according to his righteousness.
According to David’s cleanness before God’s eyes.
Was David “perfect”?
Was David without sin?
But his heart was toward God.
- Keep the ways of the Lord…or the ways of man?
- Act wickedly?
- Keep His statutes…know His statutes?
- Keep ourselves from iniquity?